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Наукові конференції

Real budget of the state

Шавкат Сунакбаев (Туркестан, Казахстан)

The leader of the nation Nursultan Nazarbayev in the Message to the people of Kazakhstan of 2012 and in the program article "Social modernization of Kazakhstan: Twenty steps to Society of General Work" I gave important instructions on further improvement of life of Kazakhstan citizens according to time requirements.

And these questions are directly connected with financing. At the same time the Head of state especially notes that not simply "bottomless" financial injections to the social sphere today are important, concrete measures, and first of all legislative character are necessary.

Despite eurocrisis, forward development of our republic "in a tone", gross domestic product since the beginning of year grew by 5,6%, macroeconomic and financial stability remains, inflation in 9 months made 3,9% (against 6,2% in the 2011th), the international reserves – 83,8 billion dollars.

Income of Kazakhstan citizens already raised – the average salary since the beginning of year on July increased by 11,7%, unemployment rate is lowered to 5,2%. The forecast of social and economic development of the country for 2013-2017 and the draft of the republican budget for 2013-2015 is prepared.

The first task is an ensuring macroeconomic stability at the expense of the coordinated monetary and credit and tax and budgetary policy. The countercyclic macroeconomic policy for the purpose of minimization of risks will be pursued for this purpose at possible options of development of economy.

For deduction of inflation have to realization of a package of measures on ensuring stability of the prices in domestic market. The tax policy in the medium-term period will be directed on stimulation of development of non-oil sector of economy, creation favorable investment and business climate, maintenance of competitiveness of domestic productions. Also taking into account addresses of citizens and representatives of business amendments in some acts concerning the taxation are developed.

The second direction – large-scale modernization and economy diversification, protection of the competition and improvement of business climate in the country. Now the Government actively conducts work on GP FIIR updating. Implementation of such large investment projects in the infrastructure sphere, as construction of the first module of Balkhash thermal power plant, Beyneu's gas pipeline – will begin Bosa – Akbulak.

The active investment policy will be pursued also. Special emphasis is placed on use of opportunities of deepening of integration processes within EEP and the Customs union. In this direction the Government already carries out system work on improvement of business climate and the maximum reduction of admbaryer. In July of the current year the law which allowed to reduce all types of licenses and permissions almost by 30% is adopted, S. Ahmetov paid attention. The concept of further reforming of allowing system is also approved, and since April licenses are granted in an electronic format.

The main approaches are developed for execution of an order of the Head of state to the complex Concept of state regulation of business activity till 2020.

Additions in the Road Map of Business-2020 program taking into account which grants for beginning businessmen to 3 million tenges for the first time are provided are accepted, leasing transactions are subsidized, the new system of guaranteeing the credits is realized.

Other priority of work of the Government – social modernization according to the directions designated by the Head of state in the article "Twenty Steps to Society of General Work".

Our general task – ensuring social unity and stability. It assumes equal opportunities at fast development of economy and its formation with high level of productive employment.

In this direction the Employment-2020 program works, in the health care sphere the main emphasis will be laid on improvement of quality of medical services, expansion of provided medical care.

Big achievements – in education. Today successfully Nazarbayev Universitet – absolutely new project of world level focused on a transfer of three major components – educations, science and innovations develops. The task of consecutive distribution and introduction of this model on all system of the higher education of Kazakhstan is thus set.

As a whole on realization of orders of the Head of state given in article "Social modernization of Kazakhstan: Twenty steps to Society of General Work", in the republican budget for 2013 are provided by 379,4 billion tenge.

The new direction will have development of housing construction within the Affordable housing-2020 program, implementation of programs of modernization of housing and communal services, "JSC Bulak" also will be continued.

In particular, within the Program of modernization of housing and communal services by the end of 2012 it is planned to carry out modernization of municipal networks with a general extent about one thousand kilometers. On "the Joint stock company Bulaka" until the end of 2012 is planned to bring access of the population to the centralized water supply in the cities to 84%, in rural areas – to 43%. "Target transfers are listed to regions in full.

As a whole on realization of actions for improvement of life of the population (the programs "Affordable housing-2020", modernization of housing and communal services, "JSC Bulak") for 2013 it is provided by 287,7 billion tenge.

Strong regions – a basis of economic and social modernization of Kazakhstan, are sure of the Government. Coordination of measures for the solution of actual problems of monotowns will be carried out through the program of their development for 2012-2020. On its realization in 2013 it is provided by 34,1 billion tenge.

Not less important and the following direction – modernization of system of public administration and improvement of quality of rendering the state services. Reference point here – on development of "the electronic government", simplification of administrative procedures, increase of competitiveness of the country.

For the purpose of formation of highly effective government the Concept of modernization of system of a state administration and the law "About the State Services" are developed.

Despite put when developing the budget rather rigid restrictions, its priorities and an orientation remain invariable – employment increase, improvement of living conditions and providing the population with affordable housing, high-quality growth of the human capital, regional, industrial and innovative development, business support, strengthening of defense capability, national security, a law and order and measures of the prevention and elimination of emergency situations.

It is impossible to forget and about a developing economic situation in the world. Oil income will be used in volume of the guaranteed transfer with savings of other part in National fund. As a result the share of the guaranteed transfer in the total amount of predicted receipts will decrease from 25,5% in 2013 to 18,6% in the 2015th. And financing of expenses will be carried out generally at the expense of the oil income.

It is necessary to provide also prevention of significant increase in debt load of the Government. At preservation of favorable conditions of development for maintenance of a public debt at moderate level decrease in deficiency from 2,1% to gross domestic product in 2013 to 1,5% to gross domestic product in the 2015th is planned. Decrease in deficiency and limited use of the oil income will promote reduction of an oil budget deficit according to forecasts to 3,9% to gross domestic product in 2015.

Pledge of successful implementation of the main articles of the budget which people's deputies called socially focused, it is possible to consider growth of macroeconomic indicators of the main fields of activity and development of the financial market of the country.

Following the results of September, 2012 inflation developed at the level of 5%. Last year the indicator of the corresponding period was on a mark of 7,4%. Despite impressive results (a present rate of inflation historically the lowest since 1999), the National Bank in common with the Government and local executive bodies pays much attention to an anti-inflationary policy. Achievement of a common goal – inflation deduction in a corridor of 6-8% – is provided with the appropriate measures of a monetary policy.

Export of goods for the first half of the year 2012 grew by 10,9% and made 47,1 billion dollars. Import for the same time exceeded 21,8 billion dollars, having increased in comparison with the corresponding period of last year by 18%. Following the results of 9 months the situation in the currency market remains stable. The rate of tenge this year fluctuated at the level of 147,5–150,2 for US dollar, nominal weakening of tenge in relation to dollar made as a whole one percent.

It should be noted that the situation in world economy is characterized by strengthening of the crisis phenomena in the eurozone, and also deterioration of conditions in the financial markets, reduction in production and unemployment growth. However, despite negative influence of external factors, gross domestic product of Kazakhstan in six months 2012 grew by 5,6% that, however, is slightly lower than predicted level of 6%. Nevertheless, on economy growth our country advances Russia (4%), Ukraine (3%) and Belarus (2,9%).

It is natural that the subsequent 2013-2017 growth rates of economy will depend on duration of the crisis phenomena and efficiency of accepted programs of development. The basic scenario of the forecast of average annual growth of world economy assumes 3,9%. It is predicted that nominal gross domestic product will grow from 36,6 trillion tenges in 2013 to 65,3 trillion tenges in the 2017th.

Growth of economy will lean generally on increase in internal demand. The rate also becomes on increasing investments into industrial projects. Oil production volume, according to forecasts of the Ministry of oil and gas, in 2013 will make 82 million tons with the subsequent increase to 102 million tons in 2017. The total amount of receipts in the republican budget is predicted with growth from 5 trillion 415 billion tenge in 2013 to 6 trillion 388 billion tenge in 2015.


The draft of the budget fully allows to provide realization of the main priorities. First of all it is the social sphere. The document fully socially directed in which the share соцрасходов for 2013 makes 39% to the general expenses (2,4 trillion tenges). In 2014 this figure will make 40,1%, in the 2015th – 39,7%.